Credits, Licensing etc.

Graphics and photos:

There are 4 kinds of graphics and photos on this site:

  1. Most pictures are released under the Public Domain license. If I can find the author, I credit the photo in the caption. These are most of the pictures.
  2. Some released under a Creative Commons license. Read the caption for more details.
  3. Rarely, I will feature a Copyrighted image taken from a paper or a book that allows fair use for teaching purposes.
  4. Mine, signed Neuronicus at the right bottom of the pic. I’m not sure what I’m going to do with these… Until I decide, use and give credit thusly: Credit: Neuronicus (

Use the files accordingly.


All the text on this website belongs to me. You may cite it in quotes, as you would cite any other printed source. For example, “Researchers call this norm enforcement, while the rest of us call it simply justice” (Neuronicus, 2015, retrieved from on September 22, 2015)

Banner credits. From left to right:

  • 1) Drawing of the cells of the chick cerebellum by Santiago Ramón y Cajal, from “Estructura de los centros nerviosos de las aves”, Madrid, 1905?. Public Domain because copyright expired
  • 2) Image of Golgi stained neurons in the dentate gyrus of an epilepsy patient. 40 times magnification. By MethoxyRoxy released to Public Domain
  • 3) Image taken by D Feinstein on July 2011 of primary neurons from Substantia nigra stained green for tyrosine hydroxylase (Public Domain in Wikipedia)
  • 4) Intracellular dye injections of protoplasmic astrocytes from the CA1 region of hippocampus of a 4 week old rat reveals highly ramified spongiform processes. Astrocytes were filled with Lucifer Yellow. Optical sections were generated with a single photon confocal microscope, and compiled here as a single maximum projection image. Authors: Eric A. Bushong, Maryann E. Martone, and Mark H. Ellisman. Licensing: Public Domain
  • 5) The original file, author unknown, is sourced from This is a faithful photographic reproduction. Public Domain because copyright expired
  • 6) Distribution of interneurons expressing EGFP from the 5HT3 receptor promoter (Tg(Htr3a-EGFP)DH30Gsat) in the mouse dorsal hippocampus colabelled for the CB1 cannabinoid receptor (red) and counterstained with DAPI (blue) to show the cell layers. This image is part of a series characterizing EGFP expression from the 5HT3 promoter throughout the brain. By Margaret I. Davis released to Public Domain

Logo/Avatar (DON’T USE!):

I combined two images: the green one, representing the rat supramammillary nucleus, and the purple one, representing the dopamine neurons in the rat ventral tegmental area stained for tyrosine hydroxylase. The entire work is mine, though I suspect that at least one of the institutions that made it possible would object to making them public. I’m unclear on that one, since I have already published the prettier versions of the VTA. Be on the safe side and don’t use them; there are plenty of similar pics on the net.


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